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Volume 5, Number 4 (December 2010) , 271-276

Original Article

Obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors among adult Sudanese

Nagwa M Ahmadı, Dina A Hassanı, El Hussein A Mı, Abdulhadi N. H*²

 

 

Abstract

Subjects and methods: In this study, the effect of obesity on the development of dyslipidemia, hypertension and glucose intolerance among Sudanese adults attending weight reduction programs was investigated. According to the BMI (Body mass index), 98 overweight/obese and 60 normal weight adults were included. Anthropometric measures were taken, lipid profile and C – reactive protein (CRP) were determined using commercial kits.

Results: Obesity related dyslipidemia seems to affect overweight/obese males more than females. On the other hand, overweight /obesity among females, not like males, was found to be associated with high blood pressure probably due inflammation, as determined by CRP level.

Conclusion and recommendation: Obesity related dyslipidemia is more prominent among males while obesity related hypertension is a phenomenon among females probably due to release of CRP. We recommend a more detailed study of inflammatory cytokines, in relation to obesity, that may reflect the mass and/or activity of the adipose tissue.

 

Key words:  overweight, dyslipedemia, CVD.

 

 

1. The central laboratory, Ministry of Science and technology, Sudan

2. College of Pharmacy, The National Rebat University, Khartoum, Sudan

* Corresponded: E-mail: nasruddina@hotmail.com

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